The perception that osteoporosis only affects some post-menopausal women is far from the truth. Studies have shown it can start occurring as early as age 25 in both men and women. Osteoporosis means “porous bones” and is characterised by loss of bone density.
The interior of our bones have a honey comb structure with tiny open spaces. Osteoporosis occurs when the bone loses minerals, particularly calcium, faster than the body replaces them. This leads to larger spaces and results in lower bone density which increases the risk of fractures and breaks.
What can be done?
- Calcium (and vitamin D to help absorption) is the cornerstone of recommended treatments and include medication that slows further bone loss or attempts to increase bone formation.
- Osteoporosis is difficult to reverse and therefore Osteoporosis New Zealand, as well as medical boards and practitioners around the world advocates prevention.
If prevention was a triangle, the three corners would be a good diet (plenty of calcium and protein), certain lifestyle choices (no smoking and moderate alcohol consumption) & regular high intensity exercise.
Exercise: Clinical studies have shown that high intensity training can help increase density in bone mass as well as increase muscle mass, strength and balance. With correct and repeated high intensity training, your body reacts to the stimulus by actively reinforcing the bones and muscle – ie recovering & maintenance of bone density. You are effectively stimulating your body to build stronger bones – like in your youth.
101 Fitness in Newmarket specialises in high intensity training (HIT) and we’d love to help you or a loved one.